Database of luminescent Minerals


Chemical Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5

Familly: Carbonates

Status: IMA-GP

Crystal System: Hexagonal

Mineral for Display: No


UV Type Main color Intensity Observation Frequency
Long Waves (365nm):      Orange Red
Mid waves (320 nm):      Bluish White
Short Waves (254 nm):      Orange Red
Other colors LW:     
Pink ,
Other colors SW:          
Bluish White , Pink ,

Phosphorescence (in the common meaning of the term) seen by naked eye:

No Data


Specimen not analyzed. should be strictly speaking labeled burbankite group (in the sense of Horvath – Lapis, Rivista 2000). Other possibilities for not analysed specimens: remondite(Ce), petersenite-(Ce), khanneshite and calcioburbankite. 

Main Activator(s) and spectrum:

Most Common Activator: Fe3+

Other activators:            Ce3+ , Sm3+ , Eu3+ , Dy3+ , Mn2+ , O* , Nd3+ ,

Peaks in the spectrum (nm):

Ce3+ repl. Ca2+ : 390nm 

Mn2+ repl. Ca2+ : 560nm 

Sm3+ : 560 - 561, 594, 600, 642, 650, 702nm  (exc.532nm)

Eu3+ : 616nm

Fe3+  : 735nm 

Nd3+ repl. Ca2+ :869, 898, 950nm (exc. 780nm)

No spectrum for the moment

Comments on activators and spectra:

Laser-induced photoluminescence was studied for burbankite group minerals hexagonal burbankite, calcioburbankite, khanneshite and monoclinic remondite-(Ce), remondite-(La), petersenite-(Ce), as well as for orthorhombic carbocemaite and strontianite from carbonatites and hydrothennalites of alkaline complexes from various regions of the world.


Burbankite was studied by steady-state luminescence spectroscopy and luminescence of trivalent REE, such as Dy, Sm and Nd, was found (Gorobets and Rogojine 2001)


All REE-rich minerals of burbankite group (REЕ2Оз ~ 10.5 wt%) are characterized by violet luminescence and their photo- and X-ray luminescence spectra always contail1 four bands of Sm3+.

Low-REE hydrothermal burbankites (RЕЕ2Оз < 3 wt%) are distinguished bу different luminescence colors (from whitish to violet) and the low intensive spectra without Sm3+ bands.

The essential differences in luminescence properties of indicated burbankites are determined bу concentration ratio of the luminogene donor (Се3+) and the luminogene acceptor (Sm3+). (Gaft)


Best Locality for luminescence(*):

(*)Data are not exhaustive and are limited to the most important localities for fluorescence

Bibliographical Reference for luminescence:

Luminescence Reference on internet:

Mineralogical Reference on internet:

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Note: While all due attention has been paid to the implementation of the database, it may contain errors and/or accidental omissions. By nature, the database will always be incomplete because science always evolves according to new analysis.
A request providing no result means only that no such reference exists in the database, but it does not mean that what you are looking for does not exist, just not to our knowledge. If you think you have found an error or omission, please let us know via the contact page being sure to cite the source of information.


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